With the table for First Bull Run/Manassas, created in the last post. Attention turned to mustering the troops and deploying them. As per the Altar of Freedom scenario book, the troops are not deployed as they were historically, though the correct units are involved.
In this scenario, the Confederate troops can deploy anywhere South of Bull Run Creek. The Union must then arrive on the scene and deploy to force their way across the creek. It may seem unfair that the Confederates are already deployed and waiting for the blue coats to arrive, but that of course was what really did occur. It also gives the Union commander the option of where to deploy his forces, He could attack all the fords and the bridge, or concentrate his force on just one or two crossing points, he has that option, the Confederate general has to defend all of them as he does not know where the enemy will strike.
It seems sensible to give you an Order of Battle (OOB) for the forces involved, beginning with the Confederate Armies, I say armies as there was indeed two armies that had combined to meet the Union advance. Although Brigadier General Pierre Beauregard was junior to Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston, the latter deferred command as the former was the man on the spot and new the area being contested. Johnston and his army had rushed to Bull Run via the railroad, and was even now still disembarking at Manassas Junction close by.
Brigadier General Pierre Beauregard (Combined Confederate Armies)
Army of the Potomac
Longstreet's Brigade *
Kemper - Artillery
Rosser - Artillery
Garnett - Artillery
* As can be seen the whole army of the Potomac, was formed into a single division under Beauregard, a chaotic state of affairs. So I have given Longstreet command not only of his brigade but also the whole Western end of the battlefield, giving him control of some of the brigades.
Army of Shenandoah Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston.
Pendleton - Artillery
Stuart - Cavalry
Now a few photographs of the Confederate deployment on the table.
The Left (Western) area of the table
Bonham's Brigade by Sudley Church and Ford.
Rosser's artillery on Stone House Hill covering Sudley Ford.
Ewell's Brigade marching up the Warranton Turnpike from the South toward the Stone Bridge.
Brigade commander Longstreet, (minus his brigade?) I put that right after looking at this photograph. He commands the brigades on this side of the table.
Kemper's artillery on Henry House Hill, covering the Stone Bridge.
Garnett's artillery on Chinn Hill, South end of the battlefield.
Evan's Brigade beside New Market.
Holmes' Brigade covering Ball's Ford.
The Combined Army General at his HQ.
Cocke's Brigade arriving on the field.
Pendleton's artillery covering Blackburn's Ford.
Jackson's Brigade close to Bull Run near Blackburn's Ford.
Bee's Brigade watching Mitchell's Ford.
Bartow's Brigade in position at Blackburn's Ford.
Early's Brigade in reserve at Johnston's HQ.
Stuart's Cavalry also in reserve at HQ.
Army of Shenandoah HQ with Joseph E. Johnston.
Johnston's HQ, Supply and reserve units.
Smith's Brigade currently on a train due to arrive at Manassas Junction.
Some general shots of the Confederate positions.
To the Union Forces which appear to be organised somewhat better than their opponents. A single army, The Army of Northeastern Virginia under the command of Brigadier General Irvin McDowell. The army consists of four divisions with the following OOB.
Still off the table is the whole Union army, commanded by Brigadier General Irvin McDowell.
Each divisional commander shown at the head of his respective division.
The massed ranks of the Union Army of Northeastern Virginia.
First Bull Run was a small battle in comparison to what followed in the Civil War and I really wanted to convey the epic scale of the conflict on my table, also a little self indulgence! In later, larger battles I will have to represent brigades with just a single stand of course.
Well that is about it for this post, rather long, but hopefully not too boring. It would be fun if you put yourself in the boots of McDowell and came up with a plan of attack, let me know what you would do.